Athenian democracy, whose material techniques are so brilliantly described by Julian Dibbell, was largely based on the random selection of citizens to play certain roles.
The Kleroterians are an informal group which aims to reinvigorate this tradition of deliberate use of randomness (lottery) in human affairs. In the world of governance, politics and elections, this is called Sortition.
As CLR James wrote in the essay, Any Cook Can Govern:
“Perhaps the most striking thing about Greek Democracy was that the administration (and there were immense administrative problems) was organized upon the basis of what is known as sortition, or, more easily, selection by lot. The vast majority of Greek officials were chosen by a method which amounted to putting names into a hat and appointing the ones whose names came out. “
According to the Klerotarians, such techniques could offset the plutocratic hijacking of formal representative democracy.
One of the more recent books on the topic is:
The Luck of the Draw: The Role of Lotteries in Decision Making. Peter Stone. Oxford University Press, 2011