P2P Foundation

Researching, documenting and promoting peer to peer practices


Subscribe

Translate

Movement of the Day: Solidarity Economy St. Louis

photo of Stacco Troncoso
Stacco Troncoso
25th October 2014


ferguson-1

Here’s a very inspiring interview with Solidarity St. Louis, an anti-capitalist, social justice and commons-oriented collective out of St Louis, Missouri. We’d like to thank the author, Mira Luna, for encouraging us to republish it.


Since early August, the tragic killing of Mike Brown has caught fire in the news. It’s no surprise that mainstream media has limited the conversation to this one isolated incident. But it leaves a crucial void of voices for change that are working to solve the economic inequalities that create racial injustice in the first place.

Missourians Organizing for Reform and Empowerment (MORE) is a grassroots organization that has taken the lead in organizing the community around the Mike Brown case, systemic racism and building a solidarity economy in St. Louis through a new project called Solidarity Economy St. Louis. We caught up with MORE Organizer, Julia Ho, to get MORE’s unique take on how sharing projects can support social justice organizing and why we shouldn’t ignore social justice in the struggle to create a new economy.

Why did MORE shift into solidarity economy organizing from more traditional political organizing?

Continue reading »

FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditShare

Conversation: Add your Comment »

Posted in: Activism, Commons, Cooperatives, Featured Content, Featured Movement, P2P Collaboration, Politics |

Occupy Scrum: How Sprint Retrospectives Brought us to Agile Nirvana

photo of Kevin Flanagan
Kevin Flanagan
25th October 2014


We are big fans of Loomio and have been using it for a while now for organising tasks and decision making here at the P2P Foundation. It’s always interesting to learn about how other groups work. I recently came across this article on how Loomio use Agile and Scrum methods to get things done.


Loomio is a tool made by a ragtag bunch that grew out of the Occupy movement, anarchist and activist circles, free-thinking musicians and artists, open-source advocates, techno-utopians, social entrepreneurs, and collective community builders. We’re a worker-owned cooperative company with no bosses. As you might expect, we aren’t predisposed to enjoy being told what to do, having role titles, or submitting to strict rules.

Like most developers, we’d heard of the Agile Method of Software Development, and we picked up bits and pieces gleaned from blogs or conversations. But we still resisted any kind of “oppressive” restrictions on our freedom.

We just didn’t get it – the Agile Manifesto isn’t so different from what you might see in an Occupy manifesto. It says right in the Scrum Guide that Scrum teams are… Continue reading »

FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditShare

Conversation: Add your Comment »

Posted in: Cooperatives, P2P Governance |

THE COOPERATIVE MODEL REVISITED – Michel Bauwens

photo of Kevin Flanagan
Kevin Flanagan
24th October 2014


Today, the third video from  Open Everything  features our own Michel Bauwens who asks how can we think about the relationship between the cooperative movement and the commons?

If you are interested in other videos from this series see the presentation by Peter Couchman and John Restakis from earlier this week.

Open Everything took place last month at Cloughjordan Ecovillage in Ireland and was organised in partnership with the P2P Foundation, Cultivate and WeCreate FabLab.

FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditShare

Conversation: Add your Comment »

Posted in: Cooperatives |

Book of the Day: Virtual Economies

photo of hartsellml
hartsellml
24th October 2014


* Book: Vili Lehdonvirta with E.Castronova. Virtual Economies: Design and Analysis. MIT Press, 2014

URL = http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/virtual-economies

aims to bring virtual economies to the attention of social scientists, and secondly to help digital designers use social science and economics scholarship when designing their virtual economies.

 

Introduction

By Vili Lehdonvirta:

“Digital gaming, once a stigmatized hobby, is now a mainstream cultural activity. According to the Oxford Internet Survey, more than half of British Internet users play games online; more in fact, than watch films or pornography online. Most new games today contain some kind of a virtual economy: that is, a set of processes for the production, allocation, and consumption of artificially scarce virtual goods. Often the virtual economy is very simple; sometimes, as in massively multiplayer online game EVE Online, it starts to approach the scale and complexity of a small national economy.

Just like national economies, virtual economies incentivize certain behaviours and discourage others; they ask people to make choices between mutually exclusive options; they ask people to coordinate. They can also propagate value systems setting out what modes of participation are considered valuable. These virtual economies are now built into many of the most popular areas of the Internet, including… Continue reading »

FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditShare

Conversation: Add your Comment »

Posted in: Featured Book, Gift Economies, Open Hardware and Design |

How Land Property Is Tied To Inequality: the UK example

photo of Michel Bauwens
Michel Bauwens
24th October 2014


This article on land and wealth originally proposed for New Start magazine in the UK, in October 2014, by Robin Murray:

” In Britain in 1700 agricultural land accounted for three fifths of all wealth. Land and its rents were the source of power and the pre-occupation of politics. Until the mid 19th century they remained so – in Parliament, in literature as in political economy. The franchise was based on landed property holdings. Jane Austin’s characters assessed their mutual prospects in terms of their annual rent rolls. The economist, David Ricardo, argued that land rent and its stranglehold on industrial growth was the primary economic problem. His focus was not was on the returns to a landlord’s investment on his estates but rather on the growing proportion of his returns that came from his control over the land itself – the so-called ground rent.

By the time of the First World War, the long dominance of the great landed estates was largely over. Their power had been challenged by the new industrial, financial and labour interests. Agricultural land fell to less than 5% of all wealth, and today is less than 1%. The great 18th and 19th questions of enclosures,… Continue reading »

FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditShare

Conversation: Add your Comment »

Posted in: P2P Hierarchy Theory, Peer Property |

Video of the Day: 3 hacks for a resource-based economy

photo of Michel Bauwens
Michel Bauwens
23rd October 2014


From the notes to the video:

The Zeitgeist Movement Ecuador invited Michel Bauwens to talk about a possible transition towards a Resource-based economic model and the “hacks” he proposes to achieve this (edited to include English audio only).

Michel Bauwens:

In this video I explain how, through the Commons-Based Reciprocity License, one can create an ethical entrepreurial coalition which co-produces commons, and which can, through the adoption of open book accounting and shared open logistics, move the ‘stigmergic’ mutual coordination which already exists for the production of immaterial goods (knowledge, code, design), to physical production itself.

This is a quote from our latest book, ‘Network Society and Four Scenarios for the Collaborative Economy‘, which touches on that issue:

“Through the ethical economy surrounding the Commons, by contrast, it becomes possible to create non-commodified production and exchange. We thus envision a resource-based economy which would utilize stigmergic mutual coordination through the gradual application of open book accounting and open supply chain. We believe that there will be no qualitative phase transition merely through emergence, but that it will require the reconstitution of powerful political and social movements which aim to become a democratic polis. And that democraticContinue reading »

FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditShare

Conversation: Add your Comment »

Posted in: Activism, Culture & Ideas, Events, Featured Content, Featured Video, Original Content, P2P Foundation, P2P Subjectivity, Politics |

Going beyond platform capitalism

photo of Michel Bauwens
Michel Bauwens
23rd October 2014


“By controlling their ecosystems, platforms create a stage on which every economic transaction can be turned into an auction. Nothing minimizes cost better than an auction – including the cost of labour. That’s why labour is the crucial societal aspect of platform capitalism. It is exactly here that we will have to decide whether to harness the enormous advantages of platform capitalism and the sharing economy or to create a ‘dumping market’ where the exploited amateurs only have the function to push professional prices down.”

Excerpted from sebastian olma, who analyzes the sharing economy for what it is, platform capitalism (or as we call it at the p2p foundation: netarchical capitalism):

“Sascha Lobo, a German technology blogger for Der Spiegel, has recently suggested to drop the obscure notion of “sharing” altogether. “What is called sharing economy,” he argues, “is merely one aspect of a more general development, i.e., a new quality of the the digital economy: platform capitalism.” As Lobo emphasizes, platforms like Uber and AirBnB are more than just internet marketplaces. While marketplaces connect supply and demand between customers and companies, digital platforms connect customers to whatever. The platform is a generic ‘ecosystem’ able to link potential customers to… Continue reading »

FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditShare

Conversation: Add your Comment »

Posted in: Cognitive Capitalism, Economy and Business, Sharing |

Evolutionary Biologist Divulges The Secret To Human Coexisting

photo of Kevin Flanagan
Kevin Flanagan
23rd October 2014


Luke Rudkowski of We Are Change in Majorca, Spain talks with Evolutionary Biologist and Futurist Elisabet Sahtouris about her life’s work. She studied algae which covered Earth in its first 2 billion years to find that there’s a maturation cycle of all life, wherein the costs of competition are too high and the solution for survival is cooperation. She is now applying her finding to the study of the evolution of human society.

FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditShare

Conversation: Add your Comment »

Posted in: Culture & Ideas, Featured Person, Videos |

How to craft a collaborative economy for the 99%

photo of Michel Bauwens
Michel Bauwens
22nd October 2014


Faircoop _

Towards a second wave of world-changing hacks

In recent years, the collaborative economy has been growing exponentially , reaching a stage of co-dependency with the emerging new forms of the for-profit economy, which we have described in our recent book, ‘Network Society and Four Scenarios for the Collaborative Economy‘. The new ‘netarchical’ (= net-archy, the hierachy of the network) form of capital, is no longer investing in its own production through the hiring of labour, and making products that it sells on the market, but, as Google, Facebook and other platform owners show, is directly capturing profits from the free cooperation and contributions of the 99%. While it may seem a good thing for users that platforms are being built ‘for free’, or that buyers an sellers can directly connect with each other for a fee, it is also very problematic as it creates a deep value crisis, not just for the increasingly precarious workforce, but also for capitalism itself. Indeed, how can we imagine a successful capitalism, that produces products that it can no longer sell, because an increasing number of contributors are no longer paid for their… Continue reading »

FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditShare

Conversation: 1 Comment »

Posted in: Cooperatives, Copyright/IP, Ethical Economy, Original Content, P2P Money, Peer Property |

THE COOPERATIVE MODEL REVISITED – John Restakis

photo of Kevin Flanagan
Kevin Flanagan
22nd October 2014


Today, the second video from  Open Everything which took place last month at Cloughjordan Ecovillage in Ireland. John Restakis independent researcher and teacher on co-operative economies and globalization discusses the challenges facing the cooperative movement.

If you are interested in other videos see the presentation by Peter Couchman of the Plunkett Foundation earlier this week.

Open Everything was organised in partnership with the P2P Foundation, Cultivate and WeCreate FabLab.

FacebookTwitterGoogle+RedditShare

Conversation: Add your Comment »

Posted in: Cooperatives |